Buna Rubber

A type of synthetic rubber based in polymerization of butadiene (buta-1,3-diene). The name comes from Bu (for butadiene) and Na (for sodium, which was used as a catalyst in the original polymeriza­tion reaction). An improved form, known as Buna-S was developed by copolymerizing butadiene with styrene. In 1934, Buna-N was in­vented, in which the styrene was re­placed by acrylonitrile, giving a product with better oil resistance.